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“The Red Cavalry Rides” is one of the most famous abstract works by Kazimir Malevich. The exact date of writing is unknown. Approximate dating - 1928-1932. Difficulties with dating arise due to the fact that Malevich put down early dates on most of his later works.
For many years, this was the only painting by Malevich, made in an abstract manner, recognized by official Soviet art critics. In many ways, the subject contributed to this - on it the artist depicted events related to the October Revolution. The picture even set a date - 1918. However, the picture was created at least ten years later.
The picture is clearly divided into three equivalent parts. This is land, galloping red horsemen and sky. In this work, Malevich most accurately conveyed the so-called Golden Ratio. The earth and the sky are separated by a clear horizon, dividing the picture in an ideal proportion of 0.618 (earth: sky = sky: picture = 0.618). At the time of writing, such accuracy was very rare, because a number of critics used the canvas as an example to follow.
Cavalry - these are three separate groups, each of which has four separate riders. At the same time, in view of the fact that each horseman is "calculating", the illusion of four rows is created.
The lower part of the canvas is cutaway earth, conveyed by twelve flowers, which corresponds to twelve red riders.
The center of the picture is shifted to the right and down. The space in front of the equestrians is twice as much as what is left behind. Thus Malevich transfers the movement forward and upward to the prospects openly revolutionized.
The “Red Cavalry” is both a philosophical and mathematically verified picture. The images that are depicted on it are understandable to each viewer who has looked closely at the canvas more closely.
Kramskoy Mina Moses