Titian lived and worked at a time when any manifestation of the human in man was considered passions, something worthy of only censure. The ascetic lifestyle was built on the podium of holiness - give up everything, drink water and eat dry bread, do not look at beautiful women, pray, repent, and you will be saved. Deny yourself in all that is natural. Lock yourself in the abstinence cage. If you do not want this, they will condemn you.
The Bacchanalia, written at such a time, seems a strange, impossible objection to the whole established system. In it, the artist does not set out to show how disgusting a person is and how sinful his nature is - on the contrary, he uses fresh, bright colors, fills the sky with whiteness and azure, creates in the spirit of ancient sculptures, as if reminding of Greek gods - always cheerful, always drunk alive and human-like in everything.
People in the picture do not cause disgust and the desire to anathematize them. On the contrary, they are beautiful in their naturalness. They sing and drink, dance and laugh. On a hill in the distance an old man sunbathes. A young girl stretches, driving away a nap. A little boy, not paying attention to adults, relieves a small need. Fun and laughter, joy and freedom - this is what is seen in Bacchanalia. It is permeated by the absence of the very concept of sin. She shows that everything that is natural cannot be ugly.
So the animals are not shy of their nakedness. So the gods drink and pour blood, not considering it shameful and sinful.
Man, on the other hand, is a cross between a beast and a god, and in the picture of Titian this is manifested in all its glory. A blissful rest, an exit from a cage of guilt imposed by a church for everything, a moment that will remain in memory and will warm it even when it passes. The anthem for a moment, the chanting of the forgotten divinity of nature - this is what Bacchanalia is.
Composition According to the Picture of Grabar February Azure