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The Hiroshima explosion - a terrible one that shook the earth to the ground and changed the course of history, also affected Salvador Dali. He, who had previously been interested in the structure of the world, the secret laws by which he works, nuclear physics, biology and other natural sciences, was fascinated by the very idea of a nuclear explosion. This can be seen in many of his paintings written after 1945 - “Split Atom” - one of them.
An attempt to process the world around us in a picture, to make it different, not understood by the mind, but understood by the heart. There he is, the atom. A ripe pomegranate, falling into two parts, enclosed in a solid stone monolith, on the side of which you can make out Greek letters indicating that it is an atom. Here are people standing around - a gymnast in a bright leotard, lifting his head in mute delight, a young page leaning on a sword, bowing in a bow. A woman wrapped in a piece of white cloth, whose pose indicates attention and alertness. And a young man carved from stone looks with thin, Greek facial features - the fruit of Greek painting and sculpture influence on Dali.
Above them, the temple arch, soars in the air, symbolizes divine participation in all spheres of human life. Lone cypress reaches for the sky from a desert plain.
Surrealist contemporaries refused to recognize this painting as art, like many of his other paintings. They did not consider Dali normal - his interest in Hitler seemed unhealthy to them, something deeply political. In fact, Dali was fascinated by the very figure of Hitler, his view of the world, the forms of his face and body. He never invested anything close to politics in the dictator’s images.
However, the censure of fellow artists did not hurt him. Dali sincerely considered himself a true surrealist, and the rest - so, people without special imagination, who have nothing to say.
Analysis Painting Salvador Dali Persistence Memory