Description of the painting by Ivan Aivazovsky "Distribution of food"

Description of the painting by Ivan Aivazovsky

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In the picture, which dates back to the period of the 90s of the 19th century, the center shows the three horses galloping at full speed, driven by a gray-haired and thick beard charioteer. On a cart stands a peasant in light clothing and proudly holds the American flag.

The events described by the picture date back to the time when American citizens gathered provisions for the starving Russians. This is evident from the crowd of ordinary people gathered: who is standing, arms extended forward and asking for alms, and who fell to his knees, as if he could no longer stand on his feet. Everyone gathered here: both young and old. Behind the cart some people raised their hands up in greeting.

Along the entire street along which the three horses fly, wooden buildings stretch. From them it can be judged that the picture takes place in a village or a small village with a church installed in it. One of the houses is developing three flags belonging to the Russian Empire. The artist, apparently, placed him in the picture, wanting to achieve two goals: to show the unity of the representatives of the low and middle classes of the two peoples, and also to inform the viewer that the plot of the work describes Russia specifically.

Time, most likely, earlier in the morning. The sun has not yet risen high. The street lighting is dim, as if it were disturbed by night fog circling above everyone.

It is symbolic that both the three horses and the peasant with the American flag, sitting on bags of food, are drawn very clearly, unlike other people and houses. The central image immediately catches the eye of the viewer.

Aivazovsky, visiting the United States, left his work as a gift to an art gallery located in the capital of the country. Subsequently, there was a certain “romanticization” of the image of a Russian person in the United States: the local society seemed to separate him from politics and government.

Taras Shevchenko Katerina