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The Uffizi Museum of Art in Italian Florence displays a religious painting by Albrecht Durer - the painting “Adoration of the Magi”.
The German master wrote the work on order to the selective prince of Saxony, Friedrich the Wise, for his Catholic church in Wittenberg. Today, the painting is recognized as one of the most valuable fruits of Dürer's work for a ten-year period from 1495.
Returning from a trip to Italy, inspired by the painting of this southern state, the artist began work on a new creation. As a result, the Italian Renaissance brought into the picture a special technique for realistic construction of perspectives.
In the traditions of the German Renaissance, there was an image with close attention to detail, the use of rich, radiant colors, which is also clearly read at first glance at the Adoration of the Magi.
Dürer's religious painting echoes the plot with the sketch work of Leonardo da Vinci, with a large number of hand-drawn stones resembles the works of Andrea Mantegna, the radiant aura of painting - like that of Giovanni Bellini.
But the most obvious characteristic of Dürer is his focus on depicting the dynamics of the mental life of the characters.
The painter placed five figures in the foreground: the baby Jesus on his mother’s lap and three magi.
The Madonna is dressed in modest clothes, hugs the child in a white sheet, their faces are bright, shining. Bethlehem magicians - in expensive fabrics, with animal skins, with precious stones in gold jewelry. The eldest of the magi knelt before the Holy Family, holds out a gift box and peers with alarming curiosity into the face of little Christ. Two wise men glance at him, their faces full of disbelief and doubt.
The ruins of ancient buildings in the background of the canvas fade in contrast with the figures of Mary and the baby. In this way, Dürer expressed the collapse of the old world before the birth of Christianity.
Painting Flemish Proverbs